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Un mécontentement social, économique et culturel à l’origine des mobilisations politiques

From February to February and From Ru ba Ru to Rastokhez: Political Mobilisation in Late Soviet Tajikistan (1989-1990)

De février à février et de Ru ba Ru à Rastokhez. Mobilisation politique au Tadjikistan soviétique finissant (1989-1990)
От февраля к февралю и от «Ру ба Ру» к «Растохез». Политическая мобилизация в Таджикистане в преддверии распада СССР (1989-1990)
Isaac Scarborough
p. 143-171

Abstracts

Over the course of the year between February 1989 and February 1990, Dushanbe underwent a political activisation. The capital of the Tajik SSR saw the development of an independent and antagonistic political club, Ru ba Ru, which with time developed into the national movement Rastokhez. Through a detailed analysis of Ru ba Ru and Rastokhez’s development and actions during the period of 1989-1990, this article demonstrates the ways in which these groups were able to harness the Tajik Soviet citizens’ economic and social concerns and mobilise them into a movement for political and cultural change.

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Excerpt

Full text document will be published online on November 2017.

Outline

Causes for Mobilisation
An Outlet for Social Frustration
Building a Political Platform
February 1990
Conclusion

First lines

On February 24, 1989 a large group of young men gathered on the square in front of the Supreme Soviet (Verkhovnyj Sovet) building in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. They carried banners calling for a law that would make Tajik the official state language in the Republic; they declaimed the need to “revive Tajikistan’s ancient culture”; they refused to listen to the police’s requests that they leave the square (TadžikTA, 1989). Estimates vary on the size of the crowd, but the total number of students, teachers, and others gathered on the square was most likely no greater than one thousand (Ganelin, 1989). For Tajikistan, however, which had for decades been quite justifiably considered one of the calmest and quietest corners of the USSR, this unsanctioned gathering was both unexpected and unsettling. Never before in the memory of the Tajik SSR’s leaders had an organised group appeared on the street, without government sanction, to make political claims and demands. In fact, the demonstration hel...

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References

Bibliographical reference

Isaac Scarborough, « From February to February and From Ru ba Ru to Rastokhez: Political Mobilisation in Late Soviet Tajikistan (1989-1990) », Cahiers d’Asie centrale, 26 | 2016, 143-171.

Electronic reference

Isaac Scarborough, « From February to February and From Ru ba Ru to Rastokhez: Political Mobilisation in Late Soviet Tajikistan (1989-1990) », Cahiers d’Asie centrale [Online], 26 | 2016, Online since 01 November 2017, connection on 21 July 2017. URL : http://asiecentrale.revues.org/3299

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About the author

Isaac Scarborough

Isaac Scarborough is a PhD candidate in the Department of International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). His dissertation research is focused on the implementation of perestroika-era political and economic reforms in the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. Contact: isaac.scarborough@gmail.com

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Copyright

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