On February 24, 1989 a large group of young men gathered on the square in front of the Supreme Soviet (Verkhovnyj Sovet) building in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. They carried banners calling for a law that would make Tajik the official state language in the Republic; they declaimed the need to “revive Tajikistan’s ancient culture”; they refused to listen to the police’s requests that they leave the square (TadžikTA, 1989). Estimates vary on the size of the crowd, but the total number of students, teachers, and others gathered on the square was most likely no greater than one thousand (Ganelin, 1989). For Tajikistan, however, which had for decades been quite justifiably considered one of the calmest and quietest corners of the USSR, this unsanctioned gathering was both unexpected and unsettling. Never before in the memory of the Tajik SSR’s leaders had an organised group appeared on the street, without government sanction, to make political claims and demands. In fact, the demonstration hel...
From February to February and From Ru ba Ru to Rastokhez: Political Mobilisation in Late Soviet Tajikistan (1989-1990)
Over the course of the year between February 1989 and February 1990, Dushanbe underwent a political activisation. The capital of the Tajik SSR saw the development of an independent and antagonistic political club, Ru ba Ru, which with time developed into the national movement Rastokhez. Through a detailed analysis of Ru ba Ru and Rastokhez’s development and actions during the period of 1989-1990, this article demonstrates the ways in which these groups were able to harness the Tajik Soviet citizens’ economic and social concerns and mobilise them into a movement for political and cultural change.
Keywords :Tadjikistan, mobilisations politiques, perestroïka, glasnost, réformes économiques, Union soviétique
Kлючевые слова :Таджикистан, CCCP, политические движения, экономические реформы, гласность, перестройка
Full text document will be published online on November 2017.
Isaac Scarborough, « From February to February and From Ru ba Ru to Rastokhez: Political Mobilisation in Late Soviet Tajikistan (1989-1990) », Cahiers d’Asie centrale, 26 | 2016, 143-171.
Isaac Scarborough, « From February to February and From Ru ba Ru to Rastokhez: Political Mobilisation in Late Soviet Tajikistan (1989-1990) », Cahiers d’Asie centrale [Online], 26 | 2016, Online since 01 November 2017, connection on 24 April 2017. URL : http://asiecentrale.revues.org/3299Top of page
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