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26 | 2016
1989, année de mobilisations politiques en Asie centrale

1989, a Year of Political Mobilisations in Central Asia
Edited by Ferrando Olivier
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300 p.
ISBN 978-2-84743-161-2

In collective memory the year 1989 symbolises the end of communism in Europe. However, it was not until 1991 that the Soviet Union disappeared and the five Central Asian republics became independent states. Yet from early 1989, even before the fall of the Berlin Wall, several early warning events took place in the region: the defeat and withdrawal of the Red Army from Afghanistan; the cessation of Soviet nuclear testing in Kazakhstan; the outbreak of the first interethnic tensions in the Ferghana Valley; the adoption by each republic of a Law on Language. Many moments that show how the events of 1989 have marked the recent history of Central Asia.

This new issue of Cahiers d’Asie centrale is dedicated to the study of the social and political transformations that took place in Central Asia in 1989, with the aim of understanding to what extent this year, which is so symbolic in world history, constitutes a founding moment of political mobilisation in Central Asia. Covering a wide disciplinary spectrum (history, anthropology, sociology, political science), this issue consists of ten articles written in equal numbers by Central Asian and Western scholars. It provides objective analyses as well as field testimonies of scholars who experienced - and, for some of them, took an active part in - the events discussed here.

Divided into three parts, the book first addresses the new forms of political culture and discourse that developed in Central Asia in the late 1980s in the context of the new policy of reconstruction (perestroika) and transparency (glasnost) initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev. The second part of the book explores the process of political mobilisation in Central Asia in 1989, in response to the social, economic and cultural discontent of the population. The third and last part proceeds from this logic of ethnicisation of collective actions, through a review of three tragic examples of violent escalation of political mobilisations.

  • Olivier Ferrando
    Introduction [Full text]
  • Olivier Ferrando
  • Perestroïka et glasnost : les nouvelles formes de culture et de discours politiques de la fin des années quatre-vingt en Asie centrale

    Perestroika and Glasnost: New Forms of Political Culture and Discourse in the Late 1980s in Central Asia
  • Un mécontentement social, économique et culturel à l’origine des mobilisations politiques

    A Social, Economic and Cultural Discontent at the Origin of Political Mobilisations
    • Markus Göransson
      Tajikistan and the Ambiguous Impact of the Soviet-Afghan War [Full text will be published on November 2017]
      The Political Mobilisation of Former Participants of the Soviet-Afghan War in 1989
      Le Tadjikistan et l’impact ambigu de la guerre soviétique d’Afghanistan. La mobilisation politique d’anciens participants à la guerre soviétique d’Afghanistan en 1989
      Таджикистан и противоречивые следствия советско-афганской войны. Политическая мобилизация бывших участников советско-афганской войны в 1989 году
    • Isaac Scarborough
      De février à février et de Ru ba Ru à Rastokhez. Mobilisation politique au Tadjikistan soviétique finissant (1989-1990)
      От февраля к февралю и от «Ру ба Ру» к «Растохез». Политическая мобилизация в Таджикистане в преддверии распада СССР (1989-1990)
    • Ajdarbek Kočkunov
      Land-Grabbing as a Form of Social Revolution. The Case of Kyrgyzstan in 1989
      Захват земель как форма социальной революции. Пример Кыргызской Республики 1989 года
    • Olivier Ferrando
      The Ethnicisation of Collective Mobilisations in Central Asia since 1989
      Этнитизация коллективных мобилизаций в Центральной Азии с 1989 года
  • L’escalade vers la violence intercommunautaire

    The Escalation Towards Inter-Communal Violence
  • Les cahiers de Revues.org